Falcon 1 Launch 4, anyway.The bottom line : 420kg in a 185km circular LEO for $7.9 million. 350kg in a more useful Sun-Synchronous orbit at 800km (Though the Encyclopedia Astronautica has some slightly more ambitious figures). And for the really long-range missions...
...if budget is of primary concern, the Falcon 1/Falcon 1e can be employed for injection into a Highly Elliptical Orbit(HEO). A kick motor on the spacecraft can then provide the necessary delta‐v to complete the Trans Lunar trajectory.That's from the Falcon Launch Vehicle Lunar Capability Guide. It works out as putting about 10kg on the moon, assuming a 40kg "kicker". That's with the vehicle just launched, which is optimised for LEO only. You really need the extended version (1e) for anything higher, and the planned, much larger (and 5 times the cost) Falcon 9 for Lunar exploration - and re-supply.
Of course, this is the first privately-developed orbital flight ever. Not bad, and when they get into series production, a very serious competitor indeed for launching LEOSats.
Congrats to the team for getting it so right on only the 4th try. This is not just a Big Deal, it's a very Big Deal Indeed.